Last updated: February 24, 2020
Located in the Rangeley Lakes region of Western Maine, Saddleback Mountain was home to lift served skiing for over half a century.|
Bald and Saddleback Developments
Ski resort fever hit the Rangeley Lakes region in the late 1950s when local businessmen looked to tap into the growing number of skiers in New England. Ski area designer Sel Hannah was brought over from New Hampshire to check out 2,470 foot Bald Mountain in Oquossuc and 4,116 foot Saddleback Mountain near Rangeley. While Hannah saw more potential in Saddleback, both mountains were developed by separate companies.
The first meeting of the Rangeley-Saddleback Corporation was reportedly held on May 12, 1958. Harland Kidder, Superintendent of the Oquossoc Angling Association, served as President of the corporation, which aimed to make the Rangeley region a four season destination.
In the summer of 1958, word of the Saddleback development spread all over the northeast. Billed as the Sun Valley of the East, the Rangeley-Saddleback Corp. sought nearly $250,000 via the sale of stock. Securing a 45 year lease on land from Hudson Pulp and Paper Co. (which had just shut down its logging camp there in 1957), the group expected to have a chairlift and T-Bar in operation for the 1959-60 season.
While Bald Mountain opened in 1959-60, Saddleback's development ran behind schedule. In the summer of 1960, two Hall T-Bar lifts were purchased. Trail building work was in full swing as the fall and T-bar delivery dates neared. Meanwhile, a two story lodge designed by Robert Tieger was being constructed.
Saddleback Finally Opens
The lower T-Bar opened on December 31, 1960, serving the Wheeler Slope (named after original stockholder Carl Wheeler). The upper T-Bar, serving Grey Ghost and Hudson Highway, opened in late January.
The Rangeley Double Chair in the late 1960s or early 1970s
Shortly after the conclusion of the freshman season, Saddleback's owners announced the addition of three new trails for 1961-62. These new intermediate and expert trails would be called Royal Coachman, Blue Devil, and Parmachenee. Assistant ski school director Ray Brahaney was promoted to manager of the ski area.
Heading into the 1962-63 season, the ownership received a $50,000 Small Business Administration loan, allowing them to make general improvements to the base area.
The Rangeley-Saddleback Corp. made a huge investment for the 1963-64 season, as it installed a nearly 1,200 foot vertical Mueller double chairlift. At 4,600 feet in length, it was Maine's longest chairlift (beating out the only other chairlift in the state at that time at Pleasant Mountain). Opening on January 1, the lift was dedicated by Maine Governor John Reed on January 24. According to Roger Page, General Manager for that season, the group was "in debt up to our eyebrows."
The 1963-64 and 1964-65 seasons were bad for Saddleback. 1963-64 only lasted 5 weeks, while 1964-65 reportedly only had 2 weeks of operations. As a result, James Talcott Inc., lender for the chairlift, put the area on the market in 1965.
In August 1965, a company led by J. Richard Arnzen acquired Saddleback for a reported $140,000. A Naval veteran and Princeton alumnus, Arnzen had come to Maine in 1960 to serve as executive director of the Pine Tree Society for Crippled Children and Adults. A few years later, Arnzen married Jean Gannett, president of the Guy Gannett Publishing Company. Around the time of the Saddleback acquisition, Arnzen became an executive at the Guy Gannett Publishing Company. Future plans were announced for a new snow bowl, as well as construction of a four-season vacation home village.
The double chair was re-engineered for the 1966-67 season, providing more uphill capacity. Two new trails debuted as well.
For the 1967-68 season, a short chairlift was installed adjacent to a new base lodge (constructed due to overcrowding in the original lodge), while the novice T-Bar was moved below it. Parking was also reportedly improved. The season also saw the creation a reciprocal agreement, in which Saddleback tickets were also valid at Sugarloaf and visa versa.
The National Trails System Act was codified in 1968, designating the Appalachian Trail as a National Scenic Trail and establishing an advisory council for it. The act also established parameters for acquiring land or rights of way, specifying that "not more than twenty-five acres in any one mile may be acquired without the consent of the owner." With the Appalachian Trail running along the summit ridge, the taking of land would eventually become a huge issue for Saddleback.
Bruce Johnson took over as General Manager in advance of the 1968-69 season, which was expected to start with a new lower mountain snowmaking system and a new trail named Golden Smelt. Ironically, that winter's early snowfall was so plentiful that the installation was neither completed nor needed.
John Christie Arrives
Richard Arnzen stepped down from his posts in the media company in 1970 when Jean filed for divorce. Though he had plans to focus on Saddleback full time, he was stricken with cancer. Arnzen passed away on June 22, 1972 at the age of 53.
The Rangeley Double Chair circa the 1970s
In the fall of 1972, Guy Gannett Publishing Company sold Saddleback to the youthful former Sugarloaf and Mount Snow General Manager John Christie's Big Rangeley Corporation. The company's board of directors included Mount Snow founder Walt Schoenknecht, Ski Industries America CEO Ralph "Doc" DesRoches, and local television host and journalist Ralph "Bud" Leavitt. Much of the land was still leased from Hudson Pulp and Paper Company, which offered to finance a large expansion. Later in 1972, Christie briefly looked into purchasing central Maine's Eaton Mountain with the thought of using it as a 'storefront' for Saddleback.
Not long into his tenure, Christie oversaw the initial development of the new area to the east of the ski area that would have extended to the top of the mountain. In addition, construction started on a new condominium development.
The 1973-74 season was a disaster across New England, driven by gas shortages and minimal snowfall. In addition, Hudson Pulp and Paper Company sold much of their holdings in Maine, thus taking away Saddleback's planned investment partner in the expansion. One bright spot was in January, when Saddleback hosted the first ever Winter Special Olympics, as a result of Christie's assistance with Sargent Shriver's 1972 political campaign.
The gondola lift line (Bronco Buster) circa the early 1980s
While 1974-75 was a better season, it was not enough to rescue Big Rangeley Corporation, resulting in the departure of Christie. In 1975, Casco Bank and Trust Co. foreclosed on the ski area and sold it to a company called Saddleback Kingdom, Inc. ("SKI"). The new ownership included Robert Madsen, Raymond Atwood, and James Howard.
For the 1975-76 season, night skiing was added on the Wheeler slope, served by the short double chairlift.
On March 21, 1978, President Jimmy Carter signed H.R. 8803, which started a land acquisition plan for the Appalachian Trail and also increased the Secretary of the Interior's taking of private land without owner consent authority from 25 acres per mile to 125 acres per mile. Later that year, Massachusetts businessman Donald Breen purchased the assets of Saddleback, as well as the land lease from Hudson Pulp and Paper. Breen was the sixth owner of the ski area in its eighteen years of existence. Breen retained Tom McAllister as General Manager and immediately began investing in the ski area. In early 1979, Hudson Pulp and Paper was acquired by Georgia-Pacific.
By the time the 1979 season rolled around, Breen had invested a million dollars in Saddleback, opening the high altitude expert paradise Kennebago Area. The new T-Bar extended above 4,000 feet in elevation, terminating a few dozen vertical feet below the Appalachian Trail. Permitting was also obtained to extend snowmaking to the top of the ski area.
Upper mountain snowmaking circa the 1980s
Now sporting some of the toughest sustained expert terrain in the east, Saddleback capitalized on it by introducing the Bronco Buster Challenge, an annual spring event in which three-day tickets were issued to anyone who could make it down the trail non-stop without falling.
Snowmaking improvements continued in the early 1980s, including an $85,000 investment for the 1983-84 season.
In 1984, Breen procured a $1.26 million mortgage from The Federal Land Bank of Springfield and acquired 12,000 acres of land from Georgia-Pacific, including property encompassing the ski area, four ponds, Saddleback Lake. Though a third chairlift was reportedly purchased to serve additional novice and intermediate terrain, a war was brewing.
Appalachian Trail Battle
With Saddleback finally financially stable and controlling 12,000 acres of land, Breen sought to tap into its vast potential in the mid 1980s. In 1984, Breen told Ski magazine, "Saddleback has the potential to be one of the largest resorts in this part of the country" and could become "the Vail of the East."
While a massive development was possible, including above treeline skiing as well as a bowl on the back side of the mountain, initial plans were made for a phased $36 million expansion "opening up the entire bowl where the ski area sits with three more lifts and numerous trails."
Working to gain approvals, Saddleback offered to donate a 200 foot easement to the National Park Service for the Appalachian Trail while retaining the ability to have skiers and equipment cross the corridor if needed. Countering the ski area's plans, the National Park Service recommended taking 3,000 acres of Saddleback's land. As a result, instead of investing in the mountain, Breen was forced to spend large sums of money to defend his property from eminent domain.
Attempting to break the impasse in the early 1990s, Saddleback offered to pare back expansion plans and sell 2,000 acres to the National Park Service. The National Park Service responded with an offer for one sixth of the amount Saddleback wanted from the property.
The base lodge circa the early 1980s
By the mid 1990s, Saddleback was offering to donate 300 acres of land to the National Park Service, while retaining the right to cross the Appalachian Trail with connector ski trails. The National Park Service once again refused, sticking with its eminent domain plan. Later Congressional testimony revealed that the Breen family was forced to negotiate with and give concessions to the Appalachian Trail Conference, only to have the agreements retracted by the National Park Service. In addition, the National Park Service would refuse to turn over documents relating to its involvement with other ski areas, or to put parameters of potential agreements in writing.
After having spent a decade and a half of his life trying to work with the Forest Service, Donald Breen took a step back from negotiations in 1997, handing the reins over to his daughter Kitty. The Maine Congressional Delegation was brought in to attempt to get the National Park Service to negotiate.
At Senator Olympia Snowe's urging, Saddleback offered to sell the bowl on the back side of the mountain to the Park Service in exchange for being able to develop its Horn Bowl area. The National Park Service rejected the offer, insisting the expansion was not viable, that the ski area could sustain increased skier visits on its existing footprint, and that Saddleback's undeveloped land had little financial value.
Negotiations continued into 2000, at which point Saddleback had increased its donation offer to 660 acres, while the National Park Service still wanted to take 893 acres by eminent domain. Five proposals were put on the table while the National Park Service threatened to turn the matter over to the Department of Justice for condemnation. Finally, on November 2, 2000, the National Park Service and Saddleback reached a deal in which the Breens donated 570 acres along the Appalachian Trail corridor, while selling the 600 acre back bowl for $4 million. While the deal meant Breen could move forward with his development of the resort, the long battle with the government had consumed millions of dollars and nearly two decades of his life. Now in his 70s, Breen was ready to retire. In 2001, the massive resort property was put on the market for $12 million.
Near Closure Followed by Big Investment
Following the 2002-2003 season, the Breen family announced Saddleback they would not operate the ski area in 2003-2004, as either they'd either sell the ski area or close it. As the fall approached, it looked like Saddleback would indeed cease operating. In September, a Saddleback skier and condo owner named Bill Berry approached Breen and offered to buy the ski area. A retired University of Maine at Farmington professor, Berry's extended family had recently received a reported $160 million when Berkshire Hathaway acquired the U.S. Investment Corporation. As a result of the meeting with Breen, the Berry family purchased the ski area and the thousands of acres of undeveloped land around it for an estimated $7.5 to $8 million. Tom McAllister was retained as General Manager.
Looking up the mountain from the South Branch Quad in 2012
Following their first season as owners, the Berry family started an aggressive expansion plan. For 2004-2005, the main lodge was dramatically expanded, the main chairlift refurbished, and the lower mountain expanded into the novice South Branch Area with a new quad chairlift.
Dramatic long term plans were also released, involving the development of new real estate and multiple new trail pods and lifts. While the original timeline showed much expansion taking place early on, plans were slowed down a bit.
Prior to the 2008-09 season, former Sugarloaf President Warren Cook was named General Manager. In 2008-2009, the Kennebago T-Bar was replaced with a new fixed grip quad chairlift. In conjunction with a yurt and many new snow guns, the Kennebago area became one of the most impressive expert areas in New England.
The Kennebago Area in 2015
Following a 2008-09 season in which skier visits were reportedly up by 22%, Saddleback began planning for the replacement of the Rangeley Double with a quad, as well as the installation of a quad in the Magalloway area. Meanwhile, a massive glade named Casablanca was developed on the upper mountain, garnering attention from expert skiers. In addition, Saddleback took over the Oquossoc Cove Marina on Rangeley Lake.
The 2009-10 season was considered another success, with skier visits reportedly growing by 15%.
Citing his family's desire to "become more active in the day-to-day management," owner Bill Berry named Chris Farmer the General Manager of the ski area in the spring of 2010.
On October 11, 2011, the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services approved USA Lifestyles, Inc. as a part of the EB-5 program. Under the EB-5 program, a foreigner could invest $1 million in an approved United States business (which must then create jobs), in exchange for a green card. With the Franklin County, Maine labeled a Targeted Employment Area, the minimum investment was cut in half to $500,000, making participating rural businesses such as Saddleback more attractive. Jay Peak was used as a model for the development of the Maine program.
In December of 2012, the Berry family announced Saddleback was for sale. The reported asking price for the 400 acre ski area was $12 million. The family retained the 7,600 undeveloped acres around the ski area.
The idle Rangeley Double in 2016
In July of 2015, the Berry family announced Saddleback would close if they could not obtain financing for a new quad chairlift. In September, the family announced they were in negotiations with multiple potential buyers. In December, the family announced the area would likely reopen in January 2016 under new ownership. While snowguns were set up, lift inspections were not conducted, and the area never opened.
As 2016 progressed, the base lodge continued to host weddings, but no announcements were made about ski operations. Late in the summer, an effort was started to develop a non-profit cooperative to operate the ski area. While a verbal sale agreement was reported, the transaction was not completed, resulting in the area sitting idle during the 2016-17 season.
On June 28, 2017, the Berry family announced they had reached an agreement to sell Saddleback to the Australia-based Majella Group. Grandiose plans were announced, as Majella declared it would be "turning Saddleback into the premier ski resort in North America." Initial plans called for reopening for the 2017-18 season with a new fixed grip quad replacing the Rangeley Double and a new Cupsuptic T-Bar. However, despite announcements that "physical work" had started in September and that the company was "committed to opening in some capacity for the 2017-18 ski season," the area remained idle that winter and the sale was not completed.
Majella CEO Sebastian Monsour and Saddleback owner Bill Berry in 2017
Nearly one year after the original sale announcement, the Majella Group CEO Sebastian Monsour was arrested in Australia for alleged investor fraud, revealing a financial house of cards. The Majella branding was removed from the Saddleback web site that fall and the ski area sat idle during the snowy winter of 2018-19.
The idle base area in March 2018
New hope emerged in March of 2019, when Arctaris Impact Fund made an offer. Talks continued for months, culminating in the purchase of Saddleback in January 2020. With the purchase, Arctaris announced plans to install a high speed quad and to reopen the ski area for the 2020-21 season.
The idle base area in July 2019
|Details of Saddleback Sale Begin to Emerge - Feb. 22, 2020|
|Saddleback Purchase Completed - Jan. 31, 2020|
|Saddleback Obtains State Financing Approval - Jan. 28, 2020|
|REPORT: Saddleback Buyers Still Millions of Dollars Short - Dec. 8, 2019|
|Saddleback Sale Agreement Announced - Nov. 8, 2019|
|Saddleback Sale Talks Break Down - Sep. 21, 2019|
|Saddleback Could Reopen This Winter - Aug. 23, 2019|
|Saddleback Reportedly Nearing Purchase and Sale Agreement - Jul. 14, 2019|
|Arctaris Impact Fund Reportedly Makes Offer to Buy Saddleback - Mar. 15, 2019|
|Problems Mount for Prospective Saddleback Buyer - Sep. 2, 2018|
|Saddleback Mountain Resort NewEnglandSkiIndustry.com News Page|
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Year by Year History
Adult Weekend Full Day Lift Ticket; Adult Full Price Unlimited Season Pass
||Season Pass Price
|2014-15||$69.00||December 13||April 19|
|2013-14||$59.00||$799.00||13.5 days||December 21||April 20|
|2012-13||$59.00||$799.00||13.5 days||December 15||April 21|
|2011-12||$59.00||$699.00||11.8 days||December 17||April 15||97,000|
|2010-11||$50.00||$649.00||13.0 days||December 16||May 1|
|2009-10||$49.00||$649.00||13.2 days||December 11||April 11|
||Season Pass Price
|2008-09||$40.00||$450.00||11.3 days||December 13||April 12|
|2007-08||$40.00||$450.00||11.3 days||December 15||April 20|
|2006-07||$40.00||$450.00||11.3 days||December 16|
|2005-06||$39.00||$500.00||12.8 days||December 17||April 16|
|2004-05||$35.00||$595.00||17.0 days||December 18||April 10|
|2003-04||$35.00||$700.00||20.0 days||December 19|
|2002-03||$49.00||$975.00||19.9 days||December 26||15,000|
|2001-02||$49.00||$775.00||15.8 days||December 22||April 7||16,000|
|2000-01||$47.00||$725.00||15.4 days||December 16||April 8|
||Season Pass Price
|1996-97||November 29||April 6|
|1995-96||November 24||April 7|
|1991-92||$29.00||$350.00||12.1 days||November 29|
|1990-91||$32.00||$650.00||20.3 days||March 31|
||Season Pass Price
|1984-85||November 23||April 21|
||Season Pass Price
||Season Pass Price
|"Great memories of skiing the awesome trails of this beautiful mountain. Skies with my ski racer daughter many times on our vacations in Rangeley. Later skied with grandchildren. Hoping it opens again as we winter vacation in Rangeley and prefer Saddleback over that other mountain....LOL."|
|Kelly McClare , Jan. 3, 2019|
|"Never skied here for a winter vacation, but went up for my sister's skiing competition. I went up the newly built quad to the very top of Saddleback, and almost got lost! The ski patrol was really lax and don't do a good job of marking unsafe trails. Nonetheless, I took the lift again later in the day and found myself in beautful crusing trail called 'America' or something like that. Anyways, I truly hope this mountain has a better future, for I might ski It once again. "|
|Tucker Stanton, Aug. 4, 2016|
|"First skied Saddleback in the early 1970s and thoroughly enjoyed it. My Aunt and Uncle lived in Wilton, ME along with my grandparents in Lisbon Falls, ME. In our visits at Christmas we would ski around Wilton, ME at a local slope and work in a trip to Saddleback when possible. In 2015, I took my son and his buddies to Saddleback and we had an awesome time, almost 45 years later! "|
|Brett Sulpizio, Nov. 29, 2015|
|"I skied Saddleback in January 1968. I had never been on a chairlift. When we reached the top, I couldn't make myself get up and ski off the chair. The equipment had to be stopped so that I could drop off and the operation could proceed. It is a life long memory."|
|Sally Knutson, Mar. 23, 2014|
Saddleback - official site
Saddleback Mountain - FranklinSites.com Hiking Guide